The Northeastern USA is said, best in the world, for breathtaking autumn colors.
Upstate New York where I was three years in the military -- was spectacular.
even here in the Northwest many many spectacular, gorgeous, colors are seen as deciduous trees put on their color
display and prepare to shed leaves.
The Great Creator could have just let them
get ugly looking and fall off.
But praise be to him - maybe he figured we all needed some
last minute cheering up before the dreary days of winter, as some might find them.
glorified in displaying his immense intelligence, power, and creating skills.
at the heart of this amazing color display, is immensely complex.
Special pigment, chlorophyll,
gives the normal summer green color.
Other special pigments called carotenoids give the fall
The reds, the purples, and their blended combinations that decorate autumn
foliage come from another group of pigments in the cells called anthocyanins.
The combinations and interactions of these pigments, day and night lengths, temperatures, precipitation, and
other factors combine, making this a very intricate phenomenon.
No way is this the product of
random chance evolution.
Book of Revelation chapter 4 says:
10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne,
and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory
and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.
Wikipedia Autumn Leaf Color article says,
"Autumn leaf color is a phenomenon that affects
the normally green leaves of many deciduous trees and shrubs by which
they take on, during a few weeks in the autumn season, one or many colors that range from red to yellow. The phenomenon is commonly called fall colors
and autumn colors, while the expression fall foliage usually connotes the viewing of a tree
or forest whose leaves have undergone the change. In some areas of Canada and
the United States, "leaf peeping"
tourism is a major contribution to economic activity. This tourist activity occurs
between the beginning of color changes and the onset of leaf
The Wikipedia article's more technical aspects are continued
in the next section.
There are many excellent web articles and videos on the complex chemistry
of leaf color change and photosynthesis.
The extremely complex process of photosynthesis underlies the
color changes. No way is it evolved!
By the way, raw energy, like
sunlight, CANNOT be transformed to do useful work, except by an intelligently MADE mechanism.
Raw energy will NOT charge a car battery -- you must have a battery charger - made by some smart person.
See my page on the Laws of Thermodynamics for more discussion.
The following is a quite good, fairly comprehensive, and relatively
From the Science Made Simple -- Autumn Leaves and Fall Foliage - Why Do Leaves Fall Colors Change?
Part of their article says:"Leaves are nature's
food factories. Plants take water from the ground through their roots. They take a gas called carbon dioxide from the air.
Plants use sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and glucose. Oxygen is a gas in the air that we need
to breathe. Glucose is a kind of sugar. Plants use glucose as food for energy and as a building block for growing.
The way plants turn water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and sugar is called photosynthesis. That means "putting together
with light." A chemical called chlorophyll helps make photosynthesis happen. Chlorophyll is what gives plants their green
As summer ends and autumn comes, the days get shorter and shorter. This is how the
trees "know" to begin getting ready for winter."
Their entire article is well worth reading.
Wikipedia gives us a much more detailed
and very excellent essay -- Autumn Leaf Color:
"A green leaf is green because of the presence of a pigment known as chlorophyll, which
is inside an organelle called chloroplast. When they are abundant in the leaf's cells, as they are during the growing season,
the chlorophylls' green color dominates and masks out the colors of any other pigments that may be present in the leaf. Thus
the leaves of summer are characteristically green.Chlorophyll
has a vital function: that of capturing solar rays and utilizing the resulting energy in the manufacture of the plant's food—simple
sugars which are produced from water and carbon dioxide. These sugars are the basis of the plant's nourishment—the sole
source of the carbohydrates needed for growth and development. In their food-manufacturing process, the chlorophylls themselves
break down and thus are being continually "used up". During the growing season, however, the plant replenishes the
chlorophyll so that the supply remains high and the leaves stay green.
In late summer, as daylight hours shorten and temperatures cool, the veins that carry fluids into and
out of the leaf are gradually closed off as a layer of special cork cells forms at the base of each leaf. As this cork layer
develops, water and mineral intake into the leaf is reduced, slowly at first, and then more rapidly. It is during this time
that the chlorophyll begins to decrease.
Often the veins will still be green after the tissues between them have almost
completely changed color."
|Wikipedia Autumn Leaf Color ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autumn_leaf_color )
|They live only in the Americas - Hummingbird page
|Smallest birds on the planet but with powers and abilities far beyond those of other birds
Please BEWARE that Wikipedia and others, because of their bents toward evolution, will
try to argue, perhaps, defense against insects, or some such thing, as the reason for plants (ADAPTING) - evolving
the colors or thus the change mechanism.
They may present their "co-evolution"
argument, as to how this change came about.
This argument is wrong.
Genetic mutations are virtually ALWAYS BAD in a natural environment.
are mistakes, damages to the codes, caused by chemicals or cosmic rays.
genetic mutations, and many many together, are demanded, as the only mechanism for evolution. That is - the
only way their offspring will be better than the parents.
But again, genetic
mutations are virtually ALWAYS BAD, in the natural environment.
evolutionary changes require numerous favorable mutations, all compatible with each other, to occur by accident, so that
the offspring will be intricately changed for the better.
I covered this in my
page on the Hummingbird.
Long curved beaks and deep flower plants were
argued to have co-evolved, together.
Again, the odds are overwhelmingly
against such luck. --- A monstrously long long shot.
We have a very very great Creator God, who is THE exquisite engineer, and THE consummate
Anyone that is not already a believer in
Jesus Christ should see my page They Came to Jesus.
Or my page Jesus Gets a Visitor in the Night.
|Everything about them is amazing and mysterious --
|the way they look, the way they fly, the way they are built for survival - see my Hummingbird page
Psalm 19: (King David)The heavens declare
the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.
2 Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.
3 There is no speech nor language, where their voice is
4 Their line
is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and
rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.
going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
7 The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple.
8 The statutes of the Lord are
right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the Lord is
pure, enlightening the eyes.
fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments
of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.
10 More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much
fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
11 Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
12 Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from
back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be
innocent from the great transgression.
the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my strength, and my redeemer.
|They live their lives in fast forward
|Perfectly balanced in midair as if they were floating, rather than flying - see my Hummingbird page
Revelation chapter 4:1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door was
opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither,
and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.
2 And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on
3 And he that
sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto
4 And round
about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment;
and they had on their heads crowns of gold.
out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne,
which are the seven Spirits of God.
before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne,
were four beasts full of eyes before and behind.
the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth
beast was like a flying eagle.
the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night,
saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and
is, and is to come.
when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,
10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that
sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour
and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.
|A dance of incredible grace and precision
|Like the moves a ballerina makes - Like a pirouette - a complex and intricate dance