An example that is put forth is that of a mouse trap, besides
the main example of the bacterial flagellum.
mouse trap has 5 parts, ALL OF WHICH, must be present and assembled for the trap to work.
They could not evolve one part at a time, otherwise the thing
would be worthless and, in fact, very detrimental to the organism while the rest of the parts evolve by chance over millions
One man in the argument found
a use for the mouse trap as a tie clasp.
that the contrary arguments, evade the main, solid, irreducibility argument, by proposing that things could
evolve into OTHER things, as an intermediate stage, which have OTHER purposes, before evolving into the final
This sidesteps, and does NOT refute, the
main irreducibility argument that ALL parts must be present from the start for the bacterial flagellum, or
a mouse trap, for that matter, to work.
their argument is very week in suggesting an alternative, intermediate use.
This would have to be in a completely different location and function.
How would the whole thing move to a new location.
One of the videos notes that there must be elaborate control
mechanisms for the motors and flagella.
is crazy to think that the whole aparatus could relocate.
Point being - the flagellum, or a mouse trap, cannot evolve one part at a time -- it is -- IRREDUCIBLY COMPLEX.
The are, of course, lots of other great videos on this and related
See Wikipedia article for William Paley's famous "Watchmaker" teleological argument.
Later in this article, I quote Dr. Michael Denton, and Australian molecular biologist.
His book is older, but still the best, I think.
his introduction he speaks of people with "an enormous predisposition against the supernatural."
The Bible speaks of people, who, thought faced with great evidence
for God and his supernatural world, still will NOT believe.
John 12:37 says:But
though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:
Irreducible complexity - the mouse trap needs all
five parts to work - it could not wait while each part evolved over a long span of time.
William Paley (1743 1805) British Christian
apologist, best known for his teleological argument for the existence of God in his Natural Theology
Combining physical evidences with the
Bible marvelously enlarges and enhances our understanding of God and our love of his ways.
Its like going from an old black and white, monaural TV,
to a full color and stereo TV!
terrible wrong and silly are those who marginalize and minimize these great physical evidences by calling them
God is revealed in
what he has made, and in what he has done, and in what he has said.
These all must be combined and integrated, just like on jury duty, to get a complete and accurate
Doing this -- our walk
with God -- becomes extra fun and exciting.
We can’t help but tell others.
William Paley correctly combined "Natural Theology" and "Biblical Theology."
Or one of my other pages listed in the left hand
the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.
2Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens
like a curtain:
3Who layeth the beams
of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind:
4Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
5Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever.
6Thou coveredst it with the deep
as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.
7At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away.
8They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which
thou hast founded for them.
hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.
10He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills.
11They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst.
12By them shall the fowls of the
heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches.
13He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.
14He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man:
that he may bring forth food out of the earth;
wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.
16The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted;
17Where the birds make their nests:
as for the stork, the fir trees are her house.
high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.
19He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
20Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do
21The young lions roar
after their prey, and seek their meat from God.
sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.
23Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.
24O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth
is full of thy riches.
25So is this
great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts.
26There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.
27These wait all upon thee; that
thou mayest give them their meat in due season.
thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.
29Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they
die, and return to their dust.
sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.
31The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his works.
32He looketh on the earth, and it
trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they smoke.
will sing unto the LORD as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God while I have my being.
34My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD.
35Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and let the wicked be no more.
Bless thou the LORD, O my soul. Praise ye the LORD.
Michael is an Austrailian (research) MD. He wants
to fully embrace EVOLUTION but wrote his book (1985) detailing severe problems that put it in CRISIS
HERE IS A QUOTE FROM DR.
MICHAEL DENTON ABOUT THE INTRICACIES OF THE MOLECULAR WORLD.
DR. DENTON IS AN AUSTRALIAN MD, BUT
IS A RESEARCH TYPE MD.
Amazingly, Denton IS NOT a Creationist – he would like to fully embrace
But, his book is (1986) titled, Evolution a Theory in Crisis.
realizes – being a world class expert in molecular biology – that it SCREAMS -- SPECIAL CREATION -- and DISPROVES
His book dates from 1986, SO, obviously, molecular biology would be seen as even more
intricate today -- HE ANTICIPATES THIS, IN HIS BOOK.
I THINK HIS BOOK IS STILL THE BEST.
His book, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis by Michael Denton mightily refutes Evolution. Here is a quote.
"The Puzzle of Perfection. The intuitive feeling that pure chance could never have achieved the degree
of complexity and ingenuity so ubiquitous in nature has been a continuing source of skepticism ever since the publication
of the Origin of the Species; and throughout the past century there has always existed a significant minority of first-rate
biologists who have never been able to bring themselves to accept the validity of Darwinism.
in no other area of modern biology is the challenge posed by the extreme complexity and ingenuity of biological adaptations
more apparent than in the fascinating new molecular world of the cell…To grasp the reality of life as it has been revealed
by molecular biology, we must magnify a cell a thousand million times until it is twenty kilometers in diameter and resembles
a giant airship large enough to cover a great city like London or New York.
What we would
then see would be an object of unparalleled complexity and adaptive design. On the surface of the cell we would see
millions of openings, like the port holes of a vast space ship, opening and closing to allow a continual stream of materials
to flow in and out. If we were to enter one of these openings we would find ourselves in a world of supreme technology
and bewildering complexity…….
is the sheer universality of perfection, the fact that everywhere we look, to whatever depth we look, we find an elegance
and ingenuity of an absolutely transcending quality, which so mitigates against the idea of chance. Is it really credible
that random processes could have constructed a reality, the smallest element of which – a functional protein or gene
– is complex beyond our own creative capacities, a reality which is the very antithesis of chance, which excels in every
sense anything produced by the intelligence of man?
Alongside the level of ingenuity and
complexity exhibited by the molecular machinery of life, even our most advanced artifacts appear clumsy. We feel humbled,
as Neolithic man would in the presence of twentieth-century technology.
The idea of evolution is the key-stone
of our modern world view. Yet the theory of evolution as propounded by Darwin and elaborated into accepted “fact”
by the scientific establishment is coming under increasing fire. This authoritative and remarkably accessible book by
a molecular biologist shows how rapidly accumulating evidence is threatening the basic assumptions of orthodox Darwinism.
Although the theory appears to be correct regarding the emergence of new species, its larger
claims to account for the relationship between classes and orders, let alone the origin of life, appear to be based on shaky
foundations at best. Not only has paleontology failed to come up with the fossil “missing links” which Darwin
anticipated, but the hypothetical reconstructions of major evolutionary developments --such as that linking birds to reptiles
– are beginning to look more like fantasies than serious conjectures.
Even the currently
popular theory of “punctuated equilibrium” cannot adequately fill in the real gaps we face when envisaging how
major groups of plants and animals arose. Most important of
all, the discoveries of molecular biologists, far from strengthening Darwin’s claims, are throwing more and more doubt
on traditional Darwinism.
At a fundamental level of molecular structure, each member of
a class seems equally representative of that class, and no species appear to be in any real sense “intermediate”
between two classes. Nature, in sum, appears to be profoundly discontinuous. It would be an illusion to think
that what we are aware of at present is any more than a fraction of the extent of biological design.
In practically every field of fundamental biological research ever increasing levels of design and complexity are
being revealed at an ever-accelerating rate. The credibility of natural selection is weakened, therefore, not only by
the perfection we have glimpsed but by the expectation of further as yet undreamt of depths of ingenuity and complexity.
To those who still dogmatically advocate that all this new reality is the result of pure chance one can only reply,
like Alice, incredulous in the face of the contradictory logic of the Red Queen: Alice laughed. “There’s
no use trying”, she said. “One can’t believe impossible things”. “I dare say you
haven’t had much practice,” said the queen. “When I was your age I did it for half an hour a day.
Why sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.”