Both this site and the NASA site are worth reading.
WOW - Hundreds of thousands of kilometers across and a couple
hundred meters thick -- absolutely amazing.
One scientist said, "Saturn IS astronomy to many people."
rings of Saturn have puzzled astronomers since Galileo discovered them with his telescope in 1610." NASA
Galileo is reported to have thought God was playing a trick on him.
No wonder they have PUZZLED astronomers.
should remember Psalm 19:1 where God prompts King David to say:
The heavens declare the glory of God; and the
firmament sheweth his handywork.
The word "firmament" means the fabric or medium that fills
Space is not empty, it is some kind of fantastic electro-magnetic medium.
why electro-magnetic waves propagate in it.
Modern bibles do a poor job of rendering this as "expanse" or
some other obscuring term.
Another thing is -- the rings make for a very strong YOUNG cosmos argument.
zipping around in space, they should have badly damaged the rings by now -- IF the cosmos is billions of years
But if it is just, say, 6000 years old, as the bible chronology indicates, the rings great condition is
Several articles mention several "shepherd moons" keeping the F ring in place.
God has maintenance mechanisms installed to keep things tidy.
Saturn's huge moon, Titan, in the background --
Titan is almost as large as Mars, and has an atmosphere thicker than Earth's
Christiaan Huygens who, around 1655, recognized
that Saturn was "girdled by a thin, flat ring, nowhere touching it."
One has to chuckle at the comment on the believed origin of the rings -- bold and underlined
"There are billions of ring particles in the entire ring system. The ring particle sizes range
from tiny, dust-sized icy grains to a few particles as large as mountains.
Two tiny moons orbit in gaps (Encke and
Keeler gaps) in the rings and keep the gaps open. Other particles (10s to 100s of meters) are too tiny to see, but create
propeller-shaped objects in the rings that let us know they are there.
The rings are believed to be pieces
of comets, asteroids or shattered moons that broke up before they reached the planet.
Each ring orbits
at a different speed around the planet.
Information from NASA's Cassini mission will help reveal how they formed, how
they maintain their orbit and, above all, why they are there in the first place." NASA
The NASA article is worth reading -- it is short, concise, and has some interesting links.
I have to chuckle at their last statement, "why they are there in the first place." (underlined above)
takes a huge imagination to hold the cosmic accident view of the ring's origins, and the rest of the universe for
that matter, but if one is bent on rejecting the Creator, one has to think of something to say.
the rings orbit at different speeds.
This is called Keplerian motion - the closer in ones, must go faster to
Again, how fantastic.
I have this little theory -- that children do not get as good a chance to
acquire common sense, today, as they did in the past.
As a kid, I had a dirt pile - by experiment I discovered a certain
amount of water would allow me to make hills steep, so I could play with my toy trucks and road making equipment.
much water made mud and the hills would slough down.
Too little water and the dirt would not stick together good enough
to make steep hills.
Maybe people today, raised in structured child care situations don't acquire the same degree of
It does not GRAB them, or SEIZE them, that these amazing rings of Saturn, made of zillions of
pieces of stuff, a few hundred meters thick, and spanning hundreds of thousands of kilometers -- MUST BE SPECIALLY CREATED!
IS INSANE TO IMAGINE THEY RESULT FORM COSMIC ACCIDENT.
The heavens declare the glory of God; and the
firmament sheweth his handywork. -- Psalm19:1
Rings named alphabetically in the order discovered
the rings are relatively close to each other, with the exception of the Cassini Division, (4700 km)
NASA's article states that three spacecraft have been sent to Saturn, voyagers 1, 2, and Cassini:
Voyager 1 and 2 were designed to take advantage of a rare planetary alignment to explore the outer solar system. Voyager 1
targeted Jupiter and Saturn before continuing on to chart the far edges of our solar system.
Voyager 1 has been observing the interplanetary medium throughout its journey, and is now exploring the outermost reaches
of where the solar wind and the Sun's magnetic field dominate space. In December 2004, the spacecraft crossed the termination
shock (where the speed of the solar wind drops below the speed of sound) at 94 AU (about 14 billion km from the Sun, more
than twice the distance to Pluto). Since then, Voyager 1 has been operating in the heliosheath environment, a region about
40 to 50 AU (3.7 billion to 4.7 billion km) thick where the solar wind mixes with the interstellar wind.
Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to study all four of the solar system's giant planets at close range. It is now exploring
the outermost reaches of where the solar wind and the sun's magnetic field dominate space. In September 2007, it crossed the
termination shock (where the speed of the solar wind drops below the speed of sound) at 84 AU (about 13 billion km from the
sun, more than twice the distance to Pluto). Since then, Voyager 1 has been operating in the heliosheath environment, a region
about 40 to 50 AU (3.7 billion to 4.7 billion km) thick where the solar wind mixes with the interstellar wind.
Cassini was designed to explore the Saturnian system from orbit: the planet and its atmosphere, rings and magnetosphere, and
its moons, particularly Titan and the icy satellites. Cassini also carried Europe's Huygens probe to its rendezvous with Titan.
After successfully completing the first in-depth, up-close study of Saturn and its realm from orbit, Cassini is on an extended
mission to follow up on the many discoveries made during its primary 4-year mission. Among the most surprising discoveries
were geysers erupting on Enceladus and the dynamic effects of it and other moons on Saturn's rings. Cassini's observations
of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, have given scientists a glimpse of what our home planet might have been like before life
evolved on Earth."
Hebrews chapter 1 (New Testament -- speaking of Jesus Christ)
Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
11They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;
12And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy
years shall not fail.
Cassini Division 4700km gap between A and B rings.
Giovanni Domenico Cassini observed the most prominent of the known divisions among the rings in 1675
1The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament
sheweth his handywork.
2Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.
3There is no speech
nor language, where their voice is not heard.
4Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the
end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
5Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber,
and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.
6His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto
the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
7The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul:
the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.
8The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the
commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.
9The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments
of the LORD are true and righteous altogether.
10More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold:
sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
11Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
12Who can understand
his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.
13Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have
dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
14Let the words of
my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer.
And,Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the
foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: They shall perish; - Hebrews1
1Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very
great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.
2Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind:
4Who maketh his angels spirits;
his ministers a flaming fire:
5Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever.
6Thou coveredst it with the
deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.
7At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away.
go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them.
9Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that
they turn not again to cover the earth.
10He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills.
11They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses
quench their thirst.
them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches.
13He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied
with the fruit of thy works.
14He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth
food out of the earth;
wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.
16The trees of the LORD are
full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted;
17Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her
high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.
19He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his
makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth.
21The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat
sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.
23Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the
LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
25So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping
innumerable, both small and great beasts.
26There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.
27These wait all upon thee;
that thou mayest give them their meat in due season.
28That thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled
hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.
30Thou sendest forth thy
spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.
31The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice
in his works.
looketh on the earth, and it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they smoke.
33I will sing unto the LORD as long as I live: I will sing
praise to my God while I have my being.
34My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD.
35Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and let the
wicked be no more. Bless thou the LORD, O my soul. Praise ye the LORD.